I am loving my ladies tailoring class at FIT (Fashion Institute of Technology)!
At last night's class, our professor taught us how to make a side pocket, complete with top pocket and under pocket facings, and with the pocket bag finished with French seams. This is a technique that could also be used on men's trousers. (The pattern pieces would look almost exactly the same, but instead of attaching the pocket to a skirt front, they would be attached to the left and right pants fronts.)
Here are the pattern pieces involved: the two pocket bags (top and "under") and their respective facings. Also (naturally) you'll need the skirt front. The facings are cut from the skirt fabric; the pockets are made from cotton pocketing (I used cotton sateen).
I learned something which had confused me in the past: when we're talking about the "wrong" side of a pocket, we're talking about the inside, the part that has contact with your hand. The right side of the pocket is the side visible from inside your skirt (or pants). To avoid confusion, we will mark the wrong side of every piece of fabric with a chalk "X." It may not seem necessary, but when things get complicated later on, you'll be glad you did.
The diagonal (bias) edge of the under pocket facing is pressed under at 1/4" and hand basted to the under pocket bag. You're also basting the bottom. The outer and top edges are left free (they can be pinned for now). Notice the white chalk "X" on my black pocket bag (2 pics down). This will be the inside (wrong side) of my pocket. After basting, these edges are edgestitched, roughly 1/8" along the diagonal edge, or as close as you can get to the edge, and 3/8" along the bottom.
This is the right under pocket and facing:
The top pocket facing, which is cut on the grain to provide support for the bias cut skirt edge and pocket bag edge, is also pressed under 1/4" and hand-basted to the skirt edge, with the top pocket bag underneath: three layers of fabric. Were you to swing the bag out, it would look like this -- the photo below shows the left top pocket bag and facing.
After hand-basting, the basted edge will be stitched by machine at 1/4". After stitching, the facing edge is graded approximately 1/8" to prevent bulk. Remember that there are three layers here: the top pocket facing, the skirt, and the top pocket bag.
Notice that the facing piece juts out approx. 1/4" toward the bottom edge. You will sew only to the point where it juts out. Everything below it must remain free. After stitching, you will clip through all three layers to the stitch line, or approx. 1/4", but not beyond it. With the top pocket facing flipped over onto the top pocket bag, edgestitch on the facing side down to the clipped point. Edgestitch the folded-under edge of the facing to secure it to the top pocket bag. Stitch the bottom edge as well. Do you recognize what part of the pocket this will be? If not, stop and figure it out.
|Left side under pocket and attached facing. Notice the portion that juts out is left free.|
Notice that everything below where you clipped is free.
|This is the right side under pocket and facing.|
Now, turn the top pocket bag over so it's right-side-up. (You'll probably want to turn the entire skirt over.) Place the under pocket bag, with facing edgestitched down along its diagonal edge (remember this was turned under and pressed at 1/4" first) as well as along its bottom edge, so that the pocket bags are right sides together. Pin. You should see the chalk X on your under pocket bag facing up toward you. From here on we're dealing with the right side pocket only:
Now stitch along the matched pocket bag layers, along the inside edge (below where the facing is attached), and along the bottom and outside edges, at 1/4". The top edge is left free. After stitching, trim 1/8" off, leaving roughly 1/8". Make sure the stitching secures both layers. Now turn the pocket bag right side out and carefully press. Push out the seams with a point presser if need be.
After pressing, stitch the same edges at 1/4", enclosing the raw edges of what is now the inside of the pocket.
Matching your top notches and turning the skirt right-side up, the right side pocket will look like this:
One more step: you want to secure the top and bottom of the pocket without having to tack it from the outside (like jeans). Instead, you'll be tacking it from the underside. Flip the skirt wrong side up and fold out the pocket bag. On the skirt side mark 1" down with chalk and 1/4" perpendicular, toward the pocket bag. Make another 1/4 chalk mark where you clipped through all layers of the bag, skirt, and facing. Stitch along these chalk marks.
Flip your skirt right side up, match your top and side notches, and gently press your pocket, using minimal steam AND A PRESS CLOTH. Voila!
Right side pocket.
Left side pocket.
From inside the skirt, the left side pocket bag looks like this: beautifully finished with raw edges enclosed.
I don't know if this is clear but I certainly hope so. If not, please ask and I'll clarify.
Next week -- darts and more!
Have a great day, everybody!